Replicas of first nuclear weapons Little Boy (foreground) and Fat Man. These were like popguns compared to modern weapons. Photo Steve Davis
During my recent road trip I visited the National Museum of Nuclear Science and History in Albuquerque, New Mexico. More about the museum itself in a future post, but the gift shop had some older government publications for sale. I picked up one titled, “Survival Under Atomic Attack”. This is a printed by the Office of Civil Defense, State of California in October 1950. California reprinted it from a federal government brochure.
It is an extremely interesting document from the Cold War era. The government tried to prepare and reassure the populace by telling them it was actually possible to survive an all-out nuclear exchange between the USSR and the United States. Not only that they actually told people that life would go on much as before. Reading this brochure I found it so asinine that I actually laughed out loud at a lot of the contents. I thought I’d share some of the ‘deep thoughts’ found in the booklet.
First off on the very first page it states,
“YOU CAN SURVIVE,
you can live through an atom bomb raid
and you won’t have to have a Geiger counter,
Protective clothing, or special training
In order to do it.
The secrets of survival are:
KNOW THE BOMB’S TRUE DANGERS.
KNOW THE STEPS YOU CAN TAKE
TO ESCAPE THEM.”
Forgive my skepticism but okay folks whatever you say.
Then there is a page titled “Kill the Myths” I found this just absurd. Here it is,
Myth #1 “Atomic Weapons will not destroy the Earth. Not even hydrogen bombs will blow the earth apart or kill us all by radioactivity.”
Yeah right they’ll just kill most humans, animals, and all other life and leave the planet uninhabitable.
Myth #2 “Doubling Bomb Power does not double destruction.”
This is total bullshit. Nuclear weapons would be detonated above their targets causing enormous damage. The governments who control these weapons have done extensive testing and know full well that this statement is an outright lie.
Myth #3 “Radioactivity is not the bombs greatest threat.”
Maybe not over the short-term, but over the long-term it is the greatest threat. It would linger and as proven by studies of the survivors of Hiroshima and Nagaski, do damage for generations. Why do you think those x-ray techs in the dentists office leave the room when they take those shots of your teeth?
Reading this document now is an amusing peek into the mindset of those in power during one of the most frightening periods in recent history the Cold War. As a child who grew up during the Cold War the contents of this document are beyond comical. It shocks me that we actually believed this stuff. I guess it reassured us that we shouldn’t have been scared. Hell no in reality most of us were scared shit-less!
My personal philosophy in the event of an all-out nuclear exchange was simply that I would prefer not to survive thank you. Let others deal with the nuclear winter and fall-out that would affect the Earth for thousands of years. Let others try to live on without law and order. Let others live on without the benefits of modern civilization like drinking water, heat in winter, and food. The dead would be better off of that I have no doubt.
National Museum of Nuclear Science & History
Alburquerque, New Mexico