With the inguration of a new president coming up on January 20th, I did some research and found some interesting “firsts” for this event.
January 20th is the constitutional date specified for the end of a president’s four year term. The swearing in of a president is a symbol of the smooth transistion of power in the case of a new president. In the instance of a re-elected president, it is the end of one elected term and the beginning of a new one. The Constitution also specifies the “oath-of-office” is to be taken by the president-elect.
Here are some of the tidbits I found,
1837 – Martin Van Buren was the first president to call on his predecessor, Andrew Jackson, at the White House, and ride with him to the Capitol for the swearing in. He was also the first president who was born an American citizen.
1841 – William Henry Harrison was the first president to arrive in Washington by train for the inauguration.
1841 – John Tyler was the first president who was sworn in after the death of a president. He was never elected to his own term so didn’t have an inauguration of his own.
1845 – James Polk’s inaugural address was the first one relayed by telegraph (to Baltimore).
1853 – Franklin Pierce was the first, and so far only, president to “affirm” rather than swear his loyalty to the Constitution.
1865 – Black soldiers marched in the inaugural parade for the first time.
1897 – William McKinley’s first inauguration was filmed by motion-picture cameramen.
1921 – Presidential party rode in automobiles to the inauguration for Warren Harding’s inauguration.
1925 – Calvin Coolidge’s inaugural address was broadcast on radio.
1929 – Herbert Hoover’s address was recorded for “talking pictures”.
1949 – Harry Truman’s inauguration was first to appear on television.
1961 – John F. Kennedy’s inauguration appeared on color TV.
1977 – Jimmy Carter walked back to the White House with his family after taking his oath at the Capitol.
2009 – Will this be the first broadcast live on the internet? Most likely.